04202021

Now and then: Iceland's vanishing glaciers


Now and then: Iceland’s vanishing glaciers – BBC News

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976w”,”height”:549,”width”:976,”alt”:”Colin and Kieran Baxter looking at their slides of the glacier (Image:”,”loading”:”lazy”,{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”Globally, the world’s glaciers are considered to be among the most visual indicators of how the world’s climate is warming.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”Globally, the world’s glaciers are considered to be among the most visual indicators of how the world’s climate is warming.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”According to US scientists, glaciers have – on average – lost the equivalent of a 24m-slice of ice since 1980.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”According to US scientists, glaciers have – on average – lost the equivalent of a 24m-slice of ice since 1980.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”Measuring the actual decline of glaciers is difficult on a global scale as there are a range of factors that affect the rate of melting, such as altitude, precipitation, exposure to the elements, like wind and sunlight.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”Measuring the actual decline of glaciers is difficult on a global scale as there are a range of factors that affect the rate of melting, such as altitude, precipitation, exposure to the elements, like wind and sunlight.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},”type”:”image”,”model”:”emphasiseImage”:false,”media”:”__typename”:”ComponentsImage”,”src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png”,”srcSet”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/240/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 240w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/320/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 320w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/480/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 480w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 624w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/800/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 800w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/976/cpsprodpb/14AC2/production/_116747648_25196162-6241-4e2b-b9c0-cbfedd2a69ee-2.png 976w”,”height”:940,”width”:1670,”alt”:”Iceland”,”loading”:”lazy”,{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”Glaciers’ ages also differ vastly. Some are just a few centuries old, whereas other have been in existence for hundreds of thousands of years.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”Glaciers’ ages also differ vastly. Some are just a few centuries old, whereas other have been in existence for hundreds of thousands of years.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”The longevity of glaciers provide a valuable record of past climates, and how the current situation compares with past events.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”The longevity of glaciers provide a valuable record of past climates, and how the current situation compares with past events.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},”type”:”image”,”model”:”emphasiseImage”:false,”caption”:”These images of Breiðamerkurjökull glacier taken in 1989 (top) and in 2019 (bottom) show how much ice was lost over this period”,”copyright”:”National Land Survey of Iceland/Kieran Baxter”,”media”:”__typename”:”ComponentsImage”,”src”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg”,”originalSrc”:”https://c.files.bbci.co.uk/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg”,”iChefRecipe”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/$recipe/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg”,”srcSet”:”https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/240/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 240w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/320/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 320w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/480/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 480w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 624w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/800/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 800w, https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/976/cpsprodpb/14B96/production/_109368848_3bdeec22-14f7-4cc9-a7c9-e7a715e38cc0.jpg 976w”,”height”:500,”width”:976,”alt”:”Breiðamerkurjökull 1989 and 2019″,”loading”:”lazy”,{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”Scientists drill into the glaciers’ ice and extract a “core”. These cores provide a continuous “proxy” year-by-year record of past climates. “,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”Scientists drill into the glaciers’ ice and extract a “core”. These cores provide a continuous “proxy” year-by-year record of past climates. “,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”By analysing components of the ice, such as trapped air bubbles within the ice, researchers can build up a picture of past atmospheric characteristics, such as how much CO2 was in the air, temperature variations, vegetation.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”By analysing components of the ice, such as trapped air bubbles within the ice, researchers can build up a picture of past atmospheric characteristics, such as how much CO2 was in the air, temperature variations, vegetation.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”This allows scientists to build up a picture of past climates, how it has changed and what we can expect in the future.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”This allows scientists to build up a picture of past climates, how it has changed and what we can expect in the future.”,”attributes”:[]]]}},{“type”:”text”,”model”:{“blocks”:[“type”:”paragraph”,”model”:”text”:”The demise of glaciers around the world serves as a double whammy. Not only are regions losing vital sources of drinking water, and irrigation for agriculture, but the world is losing forever a valuable scientific history of the planet’s climates.”,”blocks”:[“type”:”fragment”,”model”:”text”:”The demise of glaciers around the world serves as a double whammy. 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