10222021

A visual guide to the outbreak


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There are now more than two million confirmed cases of coronavirus in 185 countries and at least 140,000 people have died.

The United States has more than three times as many confirmed cases as any other country.

This series of maps and charts tracks the spread of the virus since it emerged in China in December last year.

How many deaths and recoveries have there been?

Confirmed cases around the world

2,069,098 cases

137,179 deaths

517,287 recoveries

Group 4

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Source: Johns Hopkins University

Figures last updated

The virus is spreading rapidly in many countries and the death toll is still climbing.

The US has by far the largest number of cases with some 641,000 confirmed infections, according to figures collated by Johns Hopkins University. This is more than seven times the number reported by China.

The US also has the world’s highest death toll with more than 30,000 fatalities including more than 10,000 in New York City alone.

Italy – the worst hit European country – has recorded more than 22,000 deaths while the UK, Spain and France have each suffered more than 10,000.

China’s official death toll from the outbreak is just over 3,300 from some 83,000 confirmed cases. Critics of the Chinese government have questioned whether the country’s official numbers can be trusted.

This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

Cases Deaths
USA 638,491 30,926
Spain 182,816 19,130
Italy 165,155 21,645
Germany 134,753 3,804
France 133,470 17,167
UK 103,093 13,729
China 83,402 3,346
Iran 77,995 4,869
Turkey 69,392 1,518
Belgium 34,809 4,857
Netherlands 29,217 3,315
Brazil 29,015 1,760
Canada 28,379 1,010
Russia 27,938 232
Switzerland 26,422 1,269
Portugal 18,841 629
Austria 14,412 393
Israel 12,591 140
Ireland 12,547 444
Sweden 12,540 1,333
India 12,456 423
Peru 11,475 254
South Korea 10,613 229
Japan 8,626 178
Chile 8,273 94
Ecuador 7,858 388
Poland 7,771 292
Romania 7,707 392
Pakistan 6,919 128
Denmark 6,879 321
Norway 6,798 150
Australia 6,468 63
Saudi Arabia 6,380 83
Czech Republic 6,303 166
Mexico 5,847 449
Philippines 5,660 362
Indonesia 5,516 496
United Arab Emirates 5,365 33
Malaysia 5,182 84
Serbia 4,873 99
Belarus 4,204 40
Ukraine 4,161 116
Qatar 4,103 7
Panama 3,751 103
Singapore 3,699 10
Dominican Republic 3,614 189
Luxembourg 3,373 69
Finland 3,369 72
Colombia 3,105 131
Thailand 2,672 46
Argentina 2,571 115
South Africa 2,506 34
Egypt 2,505 183
Morocco 2,251 128
Greece 2,192 102
Algeria 2,160 336
Moldova 2,049 51
Croatia 1,791 35
Iceland 1,727 8
Bahrain 1,698 7
Hungary 1,652 142
Bangladesh 1,572 60
Kuwait 1,524 3
Estonia 1,434 36
Iraq 1,415 79
New Zealand 1,401 9
Kazakhstan 1,362 17
Uzbekistan 1,349 4
Slovenia 1,268 61
Azerbaijan 1,253 13
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,167 43
Armenia 1,159 18
Lithuania 1,128 30
Puerto Rico 1,043 56
Oman 1,019 4
Slovakia 977 8
North Macedonia 974 45
Cameroon 848 17
Afghanistan 840 30
Cuba 814 24
Bulgaria 783 37
Tunisia 780 35
Cyprus 715 12
Diamond Princess cruise ship 712 12
Latvia 675 5
Andorra 673 33
Lebanon 663 21
Ivory Coast 654 6
Ghana 641 8
Costa Rica 626 4
Niger 584 14
Burkina Faso 542 32
Albania 518 26
Uruguay 493 9
Kyrgyzstan 466 5
Bolivia 441 29
Djibouti 435 2
Honduras 426 35
Malta 412 3
Nigeria 407 12
Guinea 404 1
Jordan 401 7
Taiwan 395 6
San Marino 393 36
Réunion 391
Kosovo 387 8
Palestinian Territories 374 2
Georgia 336 3
Mauritius 324 9
Senegal 314 2
Montenegro 290 4
Isle of Man 283 4
Vietnam 268
DR Congo 267 22
Sri Lanka 238 7
Mayotte 233 3
Guernsey 228 8
Kenya 225 10
Jersey 219 7
Venezuela 197 9
Guatemala 196 5
Faroe Islands 184
Paraguay 174 8
El Salvador 164 6
Martinique 158 8
Mali 148 13
Guadeloupe 145 8
Rwanda 136
Brunei 136 1
Guam 135 5
Gibraltar 131
Jamaica 125 5
Cambodia 122
Congo 117 5
Trinidad and Tobago 114 8
Madagascar 111
Tanzania 94 4
Monaco 93 3
Aruba 93 1
Ethiopia 92 3
French Guiana 86
Myanmar 85 4
Togo 81 3
Bermuda 81 5
Gabon 80 1
Somalia 80 5
Liechtenstein 79 1
Barbados 75 5
Cayman Islands 60 1
Liberia 59 6
Sint Maarten 57 9
Cape Verde 56 1
Guyana 55 6
French Polynesia 55
Uganda 55
Bahamas 53 8
Equatorial Guinea 51
United States Virgin Islands 51 1
Libya 48 1
Zambia 48 2
Guinea-Bissau 43
Haiti 41 3
Saint Martin 35 2
Benin 35 1
Eritrea 35
Syria 33 2
Sudan 32 5
Mongolia 31
Mozambique 29
Chad 27
Maldives 23
Zimbabwe 23 3
Antigua and Barbuda 23 3
Angola 19 2
Laos 19
Belize 18 2
Timor-Leste 18
New Caledonia 18
Fiji 17
Nepal 16
Dominica 16
Eswatini 16
Malawi 16 2
Namibia 16
Saint Lucia 15
Botswana 15 1
Sierra Leone 15
Saint Kitts and Nevis 14
Curaçao 14 1
Grenada 14
Northern Mariana Islands 13 2
Central African Republic 12
St Vincent and the Grenadines 12
Montserrat 11
Greenland 11
Seychelles 11
Falkland Islands 11
Suriname 10 1
Turks and Caicos Islands 10 1
MS Zaandam cruise ship 9 2
Nicaragua 9 1
Gambia 9 1
Vatican 8
Mauritania 7 1
Saint Barthelemy 6
Western Sahara 6
Burundi 5 1
Bhutan 5
South Sudan 4
Sao Tome and Principe 4
British Virgin Islands 3
Anguilla 3
Papua New Guinea 2
Yemen 1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1


Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies. France now includes cases confirmed and suspected in retirement and nursing homes.

The outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

The WHO said it took more than three months to reach the first 100,000 confirmed cases worldwide, but it took less than a week for the number to double from 500,000 to a million. It then took seven days to reach 1.5 million.

The true figure for the number of people with coronavirus is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.

China has now lifted many of the stringent measures it took to bring the disease under control. Last week, authorities eased travel restrictions in Wuhan, the city where the outbreak began in late 2019.

South Korea, where a major outbreak began in February, has also seen the number of new cases fall in recent weeks.

Governments across the world have halted flights, locked down towns and cities and urged people to stay at home.

Europe still struggling – but signs of hope?

European countries have seen slowing infection, raising hopes that strict social distancing measures are curbing the spread of the virus.

But on Thursday, the WHO’s European regional director Hans Kluge said that, with close to a million cases, Europe remained “in the eye of the storm” of the coronavirus pandemic.

Italy has the highest toll outside the US, with more than 22,000 deaths so far, although recent data shows the infection rate is slowing.

The country has been in lockdown since 9 March, though some quarantine measures are now starting to be relaxed.

Spain – which has more than 19,000 deaths – has also started to ease lockdown measures amid signs that the rate of new infections had been falling.

In the UK, there have been more than 100,000 confirmed cases and more than 13,000 deaths.

Like Spain, deaths in the UK grew rapidly at first, doubling faster than every two days. That rate of increase has now slowed but on Thursday the government said that restrictions would not be lifted for at least another three weeks.

Germany has said it will start easing its lockdown from 20 April, with smaller shops allowed to re-open and schools to follow gradually from 4 May.

The German government warned on Wednesday that its economy – Europe’s largest – could contract by almost 10% as a result of the crisis.

The global economy faces the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s, the International Monetary Fund has said.

New York is epicentre of US outbreak

With more than 600,000 cases, the US has the highest number of confirmed infections in the world. The number of deaths now stands at more than 31,000, and the rate is doubling about every three days at present.

The state of New York has more cases than anywhere else in the world, and there have been more than 10,000 deaths in New York City alone.

Despite these grim statistics, New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo says cases are starting to level off as the effect of social-distancing measures begins to be seen.

Nearly all Americans are now living under some form of lockdown as states increase efforts to curb the outbreak.

Federal coronavirus guidelines, which include social distancing, will be in place across the country until at least 30 April.

The outbreak is having a major economic impact, with figures showing the number of people making a new claim for unemployment benefits surging to a record high.

On Thursday the US government said that it had received 20 million claims for unemployment benefits over the preceding four weeks.

Which countries are on lockdown?

The majority of countries in Europe now have strict lockdowns in place, with many only allowing citizens to leave their homes to buy essential items or exercise. In Paris, authorities banned exercise during the day to reduce the number of people out on the streets.

India told the country’s 1.3 billion residents to stay at home last month and there are similar restrictions on movement and social contact across the world in countries like Argentina, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia and South Africa.

Data on planned journeys in major cities, from the travel app Citymapper, shows how people in places like London, Madrid, Istanbul and New York are now moving around far less than they were a few weeks ago.

The data shows that while Milan in northern Italy has been locked down for several weeks now, many other cities have been restricting movement for a much shorter period.

While movement is also down in the South Korean capital Seoul, the city hasn’t ground to a halt like European capitals despite facing huge numbers of coronavirus cases – a sign of the country’s decision to focus on testing and contact tracing rather than imposing a lockdown.

In Russia, the Kremlin had insisted that there was “de facto no epidemic” in the country but President Vladimir Putin has urged people to stay at home, which explains the significant drop in movement in Moscow.



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